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Essay on Obesity Causes, Effects, Solutions for Students

Essay on Obesity Causes, Effects, Solutions for Students

What is your favourite food? Is it a pizza? or Golgappe? We love a lot of food items and there is so much variety of food is available nowadays. Food is one of the basic human needs and it is very crucial to stay alive. But what happens when the same food that saves your life becomes the reason behind your bad health? Yes, obesity occurs when the food intake of a person is so high that the person becomes overweight. Hence we are writing this essay on obesity in English for students from class 5 to class 12 to create awareness about obesity.

To make students and kids aware of the healthy lifestyle they are asked to write essays on topics like the importance of hygiene, the importance of sports, obesity, etc. The students are also asked to write a paragraph in their exams and deliver a speech on such topics. Don’t worry, we are here to help. In this article, we have given you an essay on obesity in the English language. The information in this essay is helpful for preparing a speech or to write a paragraph on the topic of obesity. So, let’s start.

Obesity Essay, Speech Causes, Effects, Solutions for Class 5 to 12

Have you ever imagine yourself not able to walk because of the huge amount of bodyweight? Do you feel exhausted by walking just a few minutes? Do you often feel cravings for the sweet sugary food? Then you should stop and think for a while because these are the symptoms of obesity. Obesity is one of the diseases which is affecting the health of people all over the world. The WHO(World Health Organization) has declared obesity as an epidemic.

The definition of obesity is “a condition of excessive accumulation and storage of body fats in the body is called obesity”. In simple words, it can be explained as when your body stores the excessive amount of fats in your body, and it is not suitable according to your height(BMI) the can create many health-related problems. The person affected by obesity is called obese.

Obesity is calculated by the Body Mass Index(BMI). In BMI the weight of the person is in kilograms is divided by the squared height in centimetres. The resulting number is your BMI. The BMI between 20 to 25 is considered normal, whereas people with a BMI of more than 25 are considered overweight and people with BMI beyond 30 are obese. The dangerous phase of obesity is when the BMI crosses 35, then the person is called severely obese. The BMI is sometimes not considered as a good measure to calculate obesity because some people like athletes have more muscle weight than the fats, hence they cannot be considered as obese.

Causes of Obesity

Following are some of the common causes of obesity.


The causes of obesity revolve around three things and those are the diet, the lifestyle and the education. Overeating is the more common reason behind it. People suffering from obesity tend to eat a lot of food hence, they consume a lot more amount of calories that a person needs daily. These extra calories are stored in the body in the form of fats.

Poor Nutrition

Poor nutrition choices is another cause of obesity. Eating high carbohydrate fast food, sweets, high amount of sugar-based foods, carbonated fizzy drinks like cola, soda and cold drinks, high cholesterol oil fried food, processed food with the high amount of preservatives and saturated fats are unhealthy for the human body. The smaller amount of fast-food contains more amount of bad calories as compared to home-cooked food.


Obesity can be genetic too. It means if your parents and family members are suffering from obesity then you more likely to be obese too. Hormones play a very important role in human health. Problems in the hormones can also cause obesity. People suffering from eating disorders are obese.

Depression and Sleep Disorders

The psychological problems like depression and stress can cause stress eating where a person eats a lot of food while in stress. Lack of sleep can also cause obesity. Our lifestyle has a great impact on our health. The lifestyle choices we make can be the causes of obesity.

Sedentary Work

In the 21st century, more people are employed in the sedentary desk jobs where the physical activity is minimal and there’s no physical work. The decreased movement of the body can result in the storage of the calories. Many people avoid daily exercises hence it becomes the reason behind obesity.

Junk food and Lack of Exercise

Teenagers and college students tend to eat junk food outside and not eat home-cooked food causing obesity. Teenagers and kids today spend a lot of their time playing video games, watching movies at home instead of playing outside resulting in reduced physical activity that causes obesity.

Lack of Nutritional Education

The lack of education is one of the key causes of obesity. People with very low knowledge about nutrition, healthy practices, exercises tend to be obese. People know very less about the nutrition value of the food they are eating. They are unaware of what type of food they are eating. Today food is not a need, it has become a luxury now. Kids are fed too much. They are given chocolates, ice creams, and many other sugar-rich food items. All these causes result in obesity.

Effects of Obesity

Obesity drastically affects the health of an obese person. It can create so many severe health-related problems to the victim.

Various Health Issues

Except for the increased body weight, shortness of breath, tiredness, over-sweating, fatigue, lethargy, these are the symptoms of obesity. Obese people have a high possibility of the heart attack as their blood vessels are filled with fats hence no space for blood to flow which is called coronary artery disease.

The obesity is one the main reasons behind diabetes where the sugar level in your blood is very high and it can result into the very severe problems like the wounds on your body don’t get cured naturally and they tend to be worse. The people suffering from obesity are highly possible to get a stroke.

Solutions to Obesity

Obesity can be avoided and cured by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Eating a proper diet like eating less junk food, avoiding outside and processed food. preferring healthy home-cooked food with nutrition can help to avoid obesity. Exercising daily for a few minutes can be really helpful to avoid obesity.

Working out daily can help to burn the extra calories and maintain your body weight. Educating kids and youth in childhood about the importance of health can help them to learn more about nutrition and health and keep them away from obesity.


Obesity is no doubt a major problem faced by the world and obesity management has become the need of the hour. But by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and exercising daily can avoid the risk of obesity. Together we can tackle the monster of obesity today and live a healthier and happier tomorrow.

Tips for the Essay on Obesity in English

  • Essays are made of three sections and those are an introduction, the main story, and the conclusion respectively. Try to maintain the flow between these three sections. Keep these things in mind while writing your essay on obesity in English.
  • Before starting to write the essay on obesity, try to figure out what type of essay you are going to write. To know what are the types of essays we have a special dedicated article on Types of Essay Writing, sample format, tips.
  • Stay updated with the statistics as they change eventually.
  • Use a darker inked pen to make more impact while writing your essay on obesity.
  • Make a separate paragraph for separate points like an introduction, background, history, causes and effect, solutions, conclusion, etc. We have done the same for this essay on obesity.

Tips for the Speech on Obesity in English

  • Speeches are meant to be delivered with confidence and for that, you have to practice your speech. Take help from your friends or family members and try to deliver your speech in front of them. It will give you the confidence to face the audience.
  • Don’t hurry while delivering your speech; take a deep breath before starting your speech. Take the necessary pauses wherever needed.
  • We have written a dedicated article to give you the tips and hacks to win the speech competition. 
  • Don’t mumble during the speech.

I hope this article has given you a better insight into obesity and answered all your questions. This essay can also help with IELTS exam too. I hope you guys can help us to translate this essay into regional languages like Hindi, Marathi, Gujarathi, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Punjabi, etc.

If you like this essay on obesity then please let us know by commenting below. We love reading your comments. Thank you. 🙂

About the author

Ajay Chavan

"Cut from a different cloth"
I believe words have the power to change the world. So, here I am, determined to change the world and leave my mark on it, one word at a time.
A writer, amateur poet, ardent dog lover, Sanskrit & Urdu enthusiast, and a seeker of Hiraeth.

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